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3 reasons for the shortage of fertilizer and food

3 reasons for the shortage of fertilizer and food

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Bad weather, the Russian invasion of Ukraine and a shortage of fertilizers raised fears of a global food crisis.

This infographic will help you understand the problem by highlighting three key factors behind the growing food crisis.

#1: Fertilizer shortage

Since the start of the Russian invasion of Ukraine in February 2022, the war has disrupted shipments of fertilizers, an essential source of nutrients for crops.

Russia is the worldโ€™s largest exporter of nitrogen fertilizers and ranks second in exports of phosphorus and potassium fertilizers. Belarus, a Russian ally also grappling with Western sanctions, is another big fertilizer producer. In addition, the two countries collectively represent more than 40% world exports of potash, a crop nutrient.

here are the Top 20 Fertilizer Exporters globally :

Rank Country Export value (billion in USD)
#1 ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Russia $12.5
#2 ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ China $10.9
#3 ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Canada $6.6
#4 ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Morocco $5.7
#5 ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ United States $4.1
#6 ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Saudi Arabia $3.6
#seven ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Netherlands $2.9
#8 ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช Belgium $2.6
#9 ๐Ÿ‡ด๐Ÿ‡ฒOman $2.6
#ten ๐Ÿ‡ถ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Qatar $2.2
#11 ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Germany $1.5
#12 ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑI srael $1.5
#13 ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ฌ Egypt $1.5
#14 ๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡น Lithuania $1.4
#15 ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Algeria $1.4
#16 ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Spain $1.3
#17 ๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ด Jordan $1.3
#18 ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฑ Poland $1.2
#19 ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡พ Malaysia $1.0
#20 ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฌ Nigeria $1.0

The main destinations for Russiaโ€™s fertilizer exports are major economies such as India, Brazil, China and the United States.

However, many developing countries, including Mongolia, Honduras, Cameroon, Ghana, Senegal and Guatemala, depend on Russia for at least a fifth of their fertilizer imports.

In addition, the war intensified trends that were already disrupting supply, such as increased hoarding by major producing countries such as China and sharp increases in the price of natural gasa key raw material for fertilizer production.

#2: World grain exports

The blockade of Ukrainian ports by the Russian Black Sea Fleet, together with Western sanctions against Russia, have aggravated bottlenecks in the global supply chain, causing inflation in food prices and energy in the world.

This is largely because Russia and Ukraine together represent close to a third of the world wheat supply. Wheat is one of the most widely used crops in the world each year, used to make a variety of food products like bread and pasta. Moreover, Ukraine is also a major exporter of corn, barley, sunflower oil and rapeseed oil.

Producer Cereal exports in million tonnes (MT)
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ United States 93MT
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Russia & ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Ukraine 87MT
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ท Argentina 56MT
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡บ EU 50MT
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ท Brazil 44MT
Other 87MT

Following the blockade, Ukrainian grain and oilseed exports fell from six million tonnes to two million tonnes per month. After two months of negotiations, the two countries signed a OK to reopen Ukraineโ€™s Black Sea ports for grain exports, raising hopes that the international food crisis can be alleviated.

#3: Recent food shortages

In addition to the war in Ukraine, factors such as the COVID-19 pandemic and climate change have resulted in almost one billion people are hungry last year, according at the United Nations.

The French wine industry saw its smallest harvest since 1957 in 2021, with an estimated loss of $2 billion in sales due to increasingly high temperatures and extreme weather conditions.

Heat, drought and floods have also decimated crops in Latin America, North America and India in recent months. Between April 2020 and December 2021, coffee prices increased by 70% after droughts and frost destroyed crops in Brazil.

In the face of multiple crises, the World Bank recently announced financial support of up to $30 billion existing and new projects in areas such as agriculture, nutrition, social protection, water and irrigation.